Paraffin wax also known as petroleum wax is a white or colorless soft solid wax that is derived from petroleum, coal, or shale oil. It is a complex mixture of hydrocarbons with a melting point ranging from 47°C to 64°C. Paraffin wax is commonly used in various industries such as cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, food, and candles. It is also used in the production of rubber, tires, and textiles as a lubricant or water repellent. Paraffin wax comes in different grades, each with a specific melting point and physical properties suitable for different applications. It can be produced in various forms including pellets, slabs, or blocks.