Sodium carbonate (soda ash)
Sodium carbonate, also known as soda ash or washing soda, is a white, odorless powder that is commonly used in the production of glass, soaps, and detergents. It is an alkaline compound with a pH of about 11 and is highly soluble in water. Sodium carbonate is also used in various industrial processes, such as textile processing, water treatment, and in the production of paper and pulp. It can also be used as a food additive to regulate acidity levels and as a cleaning agent for household purposes. Additionally, sodium carbonate has various other applications, including as a flux in metal refining and as a component in the production of certain chemicals.